AskDefine | Define stone

Dictionary Definition

stone adj : of any of various dull tannish-gray colors

Noun

1 a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; "he threw a rock at me" [syn: rock]
2 material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries" [syn: rock]
3 building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose; "he wanted a special stone to mark the site"
4 a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry; "he had the gem set in a ring for his wife"; "she had jewels made of all the rarest stones" [syn: gem, gemstone]
5 the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking" [syn: pit, endocarp]
6 an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds; "a heavy chap who must have weighed more than twenty stone"
7 United States filmmaker (born in 1946) [syn: Oliver Stone]
8 United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893) [syn: Lucy Stone]
9 United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907-1989) [syn: I. F. Stone, Isidor Feinstein Stone]
10 United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as Chief Justice (1872-1946) [syn: Harlan Fiske Stone]
11 United States architect (1902-1978) [syn: Edward Durell Stone]
12 a lack of feeling or expression or movement; "he must have a heart of stone"; "her face was as hard as stone"

Verb

1 kill by throwing stones at; "Adulterers should be stoned according to the Koran" [syn: lapidate]
2 remove the pits from; "pit plums and cherries" [syn: pit]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

stan, from |*stainaz, from |*stai-. Cognate with Scots stane, Dutch steen, German Stein, Swedish and Danish sten, Norwegian stein and (from Indo-European) with Greek στῖον ("pebble"), Russian стена ("wall").

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders.
  2. A small piece of stone.
  3. A gemstone, a jewel, especially a diamond.
  4. (plural: stone) A unit of mass equal to 14 pounds. Used to measure the weights of people, animals, cheese, wool, etc.
    • 1882: Generally, however, the stone or petra, almost always of 14 lbs., is used, the tod of 28 lbs., and the sack of thirteen stones. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England Volume 4, p. 209.
  5. The central part of some fruits, particularly drupes; consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer.
    a peach stone
  6. A hard, stone-like deposit.
    kidney stone
  7. A playing piece made of any hard material, used in various board games such as backgammon, and go.
  8. A dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
    stone colour:   
  9. A 42-pound, precisely shaped piece of granite with a handle attached, which is bowled down the ice.

Synonyms

Translations

substance
small piece of stone
gem stone
unit of mass
  • Russian: стоун
centre of some fruits
  • Arabic: (nawā)
  • Czech: pecka
  • Finnish: kivi
  • French: noyau
  • Icelandic: steinn
  • Polish: pestka
  • Russian: косточка
  • Slovak: kôstka
  • Spanish: hueso
medical: hard, stone-like deposit
  • Breton: maen-gravell , mein-gravell p
  • Bulgarian: камък
  • Chinese: (shí)
  • Czech: kámen
  • Dutch: steen
  • Estonian: kivi
  • Finnish: kivi
  • French: calcul
  • German: Stein
  • Italian: calcolo
  • Japanese: 石, 結石
  • Korean: 결석 (結石, gyeolseok)
  • Kurdish: kevir, ber, berd, kuç
  • Polish: kamień
  • Portuguese: pedra
  • Russian: камень
  • Slovene: kamen
  • Spanish: cálculo
  • Swedish: sten
piece of hard material used in board games
  • Czech: kámen
  • Dutch: stuk, pion
  • Finnish: nappula
  • German: Stein
  • Kurdish: berik, kabik
  • Russian: камень
  • Slovak: kameň
  • Swedish: pjäs
colour
curling stone
  • Finnish: kivi

Verb

  1. To pelt with stones, especially to kill by pelting with stones.
  2. To remove a stone from (fruit etc.).
  3. To form a stone during growth, with reference to fruit etc.
  4. In the context of "transitive|slang": To intoxicate, especially with narcotics. (Usually in passive)

Translations

kill by pelting with stones
remove stone from
form a stone during growth
  • Finnish: kovettua
intoxicate, especially with narcotics

Adjective

  1. Constructed of stone.
    stone walls
  2. Having the appearance of stone.
    stone pot
  3. Of a dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
  4. Complete, absolute, of the highest degree.
    stone free

Translations

constructed of stone
having the appearance of stone

Adverb

  1. As a stone (used with following adjective).
    My father is stone deaf. This soup is stone cold.
  2. Absolutely, completely (used with following adjective).
    I went stone crazy after she left.

Translations

absolutely, completely
  • Finnish: täysin

Anagrams

Extensive Definition

Stone may refer to:

Construction and building

  • Masonry, the building of structures from stone
  • Coade stone, a special form of vitreous stoneware, used for monumental work and architectural decoration
  • Standing stone, a solitary stone set vertically into the ground
seealso list of stone, the types of stone used in building, sculpture, and masonry work

Geology

  • Rock (geology), is a formation of minerals that creates a hard stone.
  • Marble, a metamorphic rock resulting from the metamorphism of limestone.

In print and literature

In media

In music

Other uses

stone in Bosnian: Kamen
stone in Danish: Sten
stone in German: Stein
stone in Persian: سنگ
stone in French: Pierre
stone in Italian: Stone
stone in Hebrew: אבן
stone in Latin: Lapis
stone in Dutch: Steen
stone in Japanese: 石
stone in Kurdish: Kevir
stone in Norwegian Nynorsk: Stein
stone in Polish: Kamień
stone in Russian: Камень
stone in Simple English: Stone
stone in Slovenian: Kamen
stone in Tajik: Санг
stone in Ukrainian: Каміння
stone in Samogitian: Kūlis

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Irish confetti, Lydian stone, Tarmac, Tarvia, aa, abyssal rock, acorn, adamant, adamantine, adobe, agate, alexandrite, amethyst, anklet, anthraconite, aplite, aquamarine, arch, armlet, ashlar, asphalt, aventurine, bakestone, bangle, barrow, basalt, basanite, beads, bedrock, beetlestone, behead, berry, beryl, bijou, bird seed, bitumen, bituminous macadam, black sheep, blacktop, blemish, block lava, bloodstone, blow to pieces, blow up, board, bola, bolt, bondstone, bone, boomerang, booze up, boozify, boundary stone, bowstring, bracelet, brain, brash, brass, breastpin, breccia, brick, brickbat, bricks and mortar, brilliant, brimstone, bring down, brooch, brownstone, buhr, buhrstone, burn, burn to death, bust, cairn, cairngorm, capstone, carbuncle, carnelian, cement, cenotaph, chain, chalcedony, chalk, chaplet, charm, chatelaine, chrysoberyl, chrysolite, circle, citrine, clapboard, clinker, cobble, cobblestone, column, concrete, conglomerate, copestone, copperplate, coral, cornerstone, coronet, countermissile, covering materials, crag, crock, cromlech, cross, crown, crucify, crystal, cup, curb, curbing, curbstone, cut down, cut to pieces, cyclolith, deal a deathblow, decapitate, decollate, defenestrate, demantoid, dendrite, diabase, diadem, diamond, disintegrate, dolmen, dolomite, doorstone, dripstone, drop, druid stone, duplicate plate, eaglestone, earring, edgestone, egg, electrocute, electrotype, emerald, emery rock, execute, face, fell, ferroconcrete, festooned pahoehoe, firebrick, flag, flagging, flagstone, flaxseed, flint, flintlike, flinty, floatstone, flooring, fob, footstone, foreign body, foreign intruder, frag, fruit, fuddle, garnet, garrote, gem, gem stone, girasol, give the quietus, glass, glaze, gneiss, goldstone, grain, granite, granitelike, granitic, grave, gravel, gravestone, grindstone, grit, gritrock, gritstone, guillotine, gun down, hairstone, harlequin opal, hayseed, headstone, heart of oak, heliotrope, hoarstone, hyacinth, igneous rock, impurity, incinerate, inflict capital punishment, inscription, intruder, iron, ironstone, jade, jadestone, jargoon, jasper, jewel, jugulate, kerb, kerbstone, kernel, keystone, lapidate, lapis lazuli, lath, lath and plaster, lava, lay low, limestone, linseed, lithic, living rock, locked-up page, locket, lodestone, macadam, magma, mantlerock, marble, marblelike, marker, masonry, mausoleum, megalith, memento, memorial, memorial arch, memorial column, memorial statue, memorial stone, menhir, metamorphic rock, milestone, milkstone, millstone, misfit, missile, monkey wrench, monolith, monument, moonstone, morganite, mortar, mote, mound, nails, necklace, necrology, nose ring, nut, oak, obelisk, obituary, obsidian, oddball, oilstone, onyx, opal, overtake, pahoehoe, paper, pavement, pavestone, paving, paving material, paving stone, pellet, pelt, peridot, petrified, petrogenic, phonolite, pickle, pillar, pillow lava, pin, pip, pistol, pit, pitchstone, plank, plaque, plasma, plaster, plasters, plastic plate, plate, poleax, pollute, porphyry, precious stone, prestressed concrete, printing plate, printing surface, prize, projectile, pudding stone, pumice, put to death, pyramid, quartz, quartzite, regolith, reliquary, remembrance, rhinestone, ribbon, riddle, ring, road metal, rock, rocket, roofage, roofing, ropy lava, rose quartz, rostral column, rottenstone, rubber plate, rubble, rubblestone, rubstone, ruby, sandstone, sapphire, sard, sardonyx, sarsen, schist, scoria, scree, sedimentary rock, seed, semiprecious stone, serpentine, shaft, shake, shale, sheathe, shelly pahoehoe, shingle, shoot, shoot down, shoot to death, shotgun, shrine, siding, silence, slabstone, slate, slaty, sliver, snakestone, soapstone, souse, speck, spinel, spinel ruby, splinter, stab to death, stalactite, stalagmite, starstone, steatite, steel, steel plate, stela, stepping-stone, stepstone, stereotype, stew, stickpin, stinkstone, stone to death, strangle, strike dead, stupa, swack, tablet, talus, tarmacadam, testimonial, thatch, throw stick, throwing-stick, tiara, tile, tilestone, tiling, tipsify, tomb, tombstone, topaz, tope, torpedo, torque, touchstone, trap, traprock, trophy, tufa, tuff, turquoise, typeform, vaporize, veneer, waddy, wall in, wall up, walling, wallpaper, wampum, washboard, weatherboard, weed, whetstone, whitestone, wristband, wristlet, zincograph, zincotype
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